Last Updated on August 5, 2020 by Milo Martinovich
Gardening in a small space can seem daunting, or maybe even pointless. Growing a lot of food in a small space isn’t impossible, however. It’s highly effective and efficient when planned and put into place correctly!
What vegetables can you grow in a small space?
You can grow anything that grows well in your climate in a small space. Knowing your USDA climate zone narrows down your selection and growing season.
Once you have a list of vegetables that grow well where you are, you simply need to focus on vegetable varieties that grow well vertically, bush instead of a vine, and work well with companion planting. You aren’t as limited as you think you are.
How much space is needed for a small garden?
The more space you have, the better. But in reality, you only need a spot on the patio with good sun exposure and space for a container to start producing your food. Gardening in a small space can be anything from one plant per season to an intricate design of intensive planting over tens of square feet.
Knowing what varieties of fruits and vegetables will tell you more about how much size you need for your garden.
How do I organize my small garden plants?
Focus on designing plantings that work well growing together, known as companion planting. One example is growing Brussel sprouts around a watermelon plant. The watermelon will spread horizontally as the brussel sprout stretches vertically, each helping each other in various ways through the growing season.
Use vertical trellises on the north side of your small garden when possible to maximize yields without taking sun away from shorter crops.
How do you plan a small perennial garden when gardening in a small space?
Annuals are more forgiving to garden design since you only need to bare with the layout for a season. Perennials grow and produce for years and years. Due to this, gardening in a small space with perennials means designing with the future in mind.
The design guidelines stay the same: focusing on companion planting like strawberries and asparagus, planning vertically to avoid blocking out sunlight where needed, and ensuring your soil health is consistently improved upon.
How do you grow food in a small space?
Whether you chose container gardening, planting boxes, or the native soil, the process is the same.
Start with high-quality seeds or seedlings that do well in your climate. Ensure your garden bed is stocked with healthy, organic soil (you can learn some great organic gardening tips here). Plant when the weather permits and water accordingly. Harvest when ready. Gardening in a small space is the same as gardening in huge fields. Only the scale is changed.
How much space do veggies need to grow when gardening in a small space?
A square foot or two is all that is necessary to grow vegetable plants when small varieties are chosen, interplanting is utilized, and the soil is rich and fertile. Some need more, but the more you stick with fruits and vegetables known to produce more fruit than vegetation, the more you can reap from a small garden space.
How much space do you need between vegetable plants?
If you use interplanting strategies along with vertical gardening, you shouldn’t see much space between your plants at the height of the growing season. Being efficient with your space means planting closer than usually recommended. Don’t worry, your plant will still do great as long as it gets the sun, nutrients, and water it needs.
How do you grow the most vegetables in a small space?
Use fast-maturing varieties, interplanting with companion plants, utilize vertical trellises to take up less horizontal space, and ensure your soil is fertile enough for intensive planting. All of that put together will maximize your small garden production.
Best vegetables to grow in small spaces
In reality, vining plants are the only varieties that could struggle in a small space. But, using vertical spaces above the vines can mitigate space usage from the vines. With proper planning, you can grow any annual fruit or vegetable in a small garden. Small perennials that you kept trimmed can also do awesome in small spaces.
Small vegetable garden ideas
You can make a small bed in your yard and utilize companion planting for a simple, budget-friendly garden. You could make multiple small patches of garden space intermixed in your front yard, back yard, and patio.
The options for gardening in a small space are endless. All it takes is proper planning.
Small garden ideas on a budget
You don’t need to invest hundreds of dollars in fancy planters, irrigation systems, and expensive plant seedlings.
You can start with a small patch of unused ground and some seeds. Grow easy crops like squash and green beans to get a feel for how you can garden in your small space. Scale your efforts each season and soon you will have an awesome small garden to be proud of, even if you are on a strict budget.
Container gardening in a small space
Gardening in containers is great for those that don’t have much land to use. Maybe you live in an apartment or just in a spot in the city with tiny yards.
Most vegetables and fruits now have varieties that are designed to thrive in containers. It also allows you to reduce your time weeding your plants and makes moving your garden as it grows simple! There aren’t many downsides to container gardening.
Vertical gardening for gardening in a small space
Vertical gardening could mean you use vertical containers to grow plants vertically, with plants on each level of the container.
Or, you could use vining varieties of fruits and vegetables and create towering plants that use barely any horizontal space.
Vertical vegetable garden
Pole beans, peas, tomatoes, and gourds can all climb vertical trellises to create an awesome vertical vegetable (and fruit) garden. You can even design trellises to create a tunnel and the plants will vine over them and create a living tunnel that you can harvest from and enjoy just for the view.
Gardening in a small space can work for you!
Hopefully, this article gives you some good ideas to start a small garden space to produce as much fresh, healthy food for your household.
Have any other ideas to use in a small garden? Let us hear it with a comment below!